A Major Retrospective Carves Space for Marisol’s Most Prescient and Under-Recognized Works — Colossal

March 11, 2024 - Art


#art history
#Pop art

March 8, 2024

Grace Ebert

two sculptures, the one on the left depicts a crustacean with a human face and a claw emerging from its mouth. on the right is a tall human-like sculpture with a fish face and holding a healdless blue fish in one hand

“The Fishman” (1973), wood, plaster, paint acrylic, and glass eyes, 68¼ x 28 x 33¼ inches. Photo by Brenda Bieger, Buffalo AKG Art Museum, © Estate of Marisol/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. All images courtesy of Toledo Museum of Art, shared with permission

Rising to fame in the 1960s, the Venezuelan-American artist Marisol was one of those rare figures who garnered both critical acclaim and celebrity “it girl” status. She was enigmatic, creating a varied and undeniably compelling oeuvre across mediums and concerns and forging bonds with art world fixtures like Andy Warhol. During the height of the artist’s career, she was famously interviewed by Gloria Steinem for Glamour, one of many mainstream magazines that featured her for her coveted style and mysterious allure.

Born María Sol Escobar in 1930s Paris, Marisol quickly adopted the singular nickname first used by her mother. She relocated with her father to Los Angeles as a teenager before moving to New York in the early 1950s, where she saw an exhibition of pre-Columbian clay pieces that prompted an evolution of her practice from painting to sculpture. Not long after, she began working with wood, the medium for which she’s most known today.


a group a figurative sculptures standing in a gallery

“The Party” (1965-1966), an assemblage of 15 freestanding, life-size figures and three wall panels, with painted wood and carved wood, mirrors, plastic, television set, clothes, shoes, glasses, and other accessories. Photo by Toledo Museum of Art

A major retrospective on view now at the Toledo Museum of Art explores Marisol’s under-appreciated legacy, presenting 244 sculptures, self-portraits, sketches, underwater films, photos, and more. Included are several of the artist’s abstract figures with their angular, boxy bodies and softer defining features like hands and faces.

“Mi Mama Y Yo,” for example, portrays a mother and child, their torsos defined as bright pink blocks. The furious, young girl grasps an ornate umbrella as she stands on a bench next to her smiling, disaffected parent. Similar concerns about loneliness, social structures, and fragmented lives frequently emerge in the artist’s works, which broadly explore relationships within oneself, humanity, and the natural world.


two figures wearing pink blocky garments. one stands on a bronze bench holding a yellow umbrella

“Mi Mama Y Yo” (1968), painted bronze and aluminum pole, 73 x 56 x 56 inches. Photo by Brenda Bieger, Buffalo AKG Art Museum, © Estate of Marisol/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

Even at the height of her fame, Marisol was reclusive and frequently retreated from the art world following a successful exhibition. She would, however, plant her own body and face into many of her works as a way to embed her presence wherever her works were on view. One of the most iconic examples is “The Party,” an assemblage of 15 figures who congregate in ball gowns and bear the artist’s likeness.

Mariosol’s popularity faded in the 1970s when she was arguably creating some of her most prescient works, including “The Fishman.” A life-sized sculpture standing taller than the artist, the hybrid figure with webbed feet holds a decapitated fish in its left hand. This surreal work is one of many that speaks to her anxieties about the climate and ecological devastation, concerns that are unavoidable today.


a wooden sculpture with a man's body and a fish head stands next to the artist

“Untitled (Marisol with her sculpture ‘The Fishman,’)” (1973), giclee print. Photo digitized by Amanda Smith, Buffalo AKG Art Museum

A 2021 exhibition chronicled the artist’s rise alongside Warhol, arguing that the pair influenced each other and that ultimately, Marisol deserves greater recognition as a leader of the American Pop art movement. But the Buffalo AKG Art Museum, which acquired the artist’s estate after she died in 2016 and organized the retrospective, makes an addendum to this corrective. “Although Marisol’s assemblage sculptures were often associated with the Pop art movement during its earliest years, works like ‘Baby Girl’ are distinct from the observations on mass media and mass culture put forward by friends and peers such as Andy Warhol,” a statement says.

Marisol: A Retrospective debuted last fall at the Montréal Museum of Fine Art and is on view in Toledo, Ohio, through June 2. The show will then travel to Buffalo AKG Art Museum and the Dallas Museum of Art. Find more about the artist’s work and legacy by picking up the exhibition catalog on Bookshop.


a wooden sculpture of a seated doll wearing a white outfit with a small figure standing on its leg

“Baby Girl” (1963), wood and mixed media, 74 x 35 x 47 inches. Photo by Brenda Bieger, Buffalo AKG Art Museum, © Estate of Marisol/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

a green fish sculpture with a human face

“Greenfish” (1970), wood, varnish, plastic, and plaster, 16 7/8 x 36 1/2 x 13 1/8 inches. Photo by Brenda Bieger, Buffalo AKG Art Museum

two blocky figures with human legs and hats ride wooden bikes

“Bicycle Race” (1962), wood and paint, graphite, cast plaster, cast metal, plastic, 66 1/2 x 56 inches. Image courtesy of Bill Jacobson Studio

a portrait ring is on the middle finger of a hand with long painted nails

“Self-Portrait Ring” (1967), gold and diamond, 1 3/16 x 1 3/16 inches. Image digitized by Amanda Smith, Buffalo AKG Art Museum

two wooden dog sculptures bookend a seated figure with a burned face

“Portrait of Georgia O’Keeffe with Dogs” (1977), graphite and oil on wood, 52⅝ x 53 x 60¾ inches. Photo by Brenda Bieger, Buffalo AKG Art Museum, © Estate of Marisol/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York

#art history
#Pop art


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